System requirements for Windows 7
Despite the fact that the system requirements of Windows 7 are much higher than the minimum configuration of the computer necessary for the operation of previous operating systems, most modern computers quite successfully support this OS. The minimum requirements of Windows 7 include only 10 GB of space on the system drive and 1 GB of RAM - these parameters are available to any, even the cheapest computer.
If you want, you can install a 32-bit version of Windows 7 and a PC equipped with only 512 MB of RAM, but most likely, the system will work with significant brakes. In any case, with such a small amount of memory, you will have to disable graphics effects.
The choice of the video card is almost irrelevant, however, if you need an Aero interface for comfortable work, you must support DirectX 9 with the driver from the WDDM 1.0 version. The amount of video memory should not be less than 128 MB.
Choosing a Hard or Solid-State SSD Drive for Windows 7
Due to the fact that the total size of the installed Windows 7 Ultimate is slightly higher than 9 GB, and for the full operation of the system, a swap file is required from 1 to 3 GB in size, then you should pay special attention to the choice of the drive for this OS. If you purchased a laptop with a HDD or a computer with several hard disks , then you will not have problems with lack of space, as the volume of modern media has long exceeded hundreds of gigabytes and even more.
Complexities can arise only from owners of laptops with a preinstalled SSD device, the size of which does not exceed 20 GB. In addition to the 12 GB required for the system, you will need a place to install programs or games, so if you install Windows 7, you will have less than 10 GB to store your files. Therefore, if you do not have the opportunity to change the SSD drive in your laptop to a larger media, it's better to choose Windows XP, which occupies no more than 1 GB of space, or limit the use of the device only for storing and editing documents.
Installation of Windows 7 should only be performed on an NTFS partition. If the hard disk was formatted in the FAT file system, the installation program will automatically format it in NTFS. Therefore, to install the "seven" on the FAT partition, where Windows XP was located, will not work, and all the data stored there will be destroyed.
Additional PC requirements for a number of functions in Windows 7
In addition to the recommended hardware requirements, some options for Windows 7 require additional hardware.
- To install new updates, as well as a number of system utilities, you need access to the Internet, for which you need to buy a modem and connect high-speed Internet.
- A number of high-resolution monitors may require additional memory and a more powerful graphics card.
- A number of Windows Media Center options may require a TV tuner.
- The new technology BitLocker Drive Encryption (encryption of data located on HDD and SSD media, as well as SD cards and flash drives) is impossible without the presence of a Trusted Platform Module or FLASH storage media for the key.
- Using the Windows XP mode required to support earlier versions of the program requires an additional 1 GB of RAM and 15 GB of space on the HDD in addition. This is due to the fact that the built-in version of the "Seven" feature of Windows XP Mode is a separate virtual machine, to store files and work which requires space and resources. In addition, the work of Windows XP Mode will be impossible without the presence of a processor that supports hardware virtualization, as well as the latest technology from Intel VT or AMD-V.
- Intel VT - choice
- For authoring CDs and DVDs, you must connect a compatible optical drive to the computer.
- The newest technology Windows Touch, which allows you to completely replace the computer mouse sliding your finger across the screen, will be available to the user only if you have a touch screen.
Do I need to install Windows 7 DVD Rom
Due to the fact that in most shops you can buy a licensed Windows 7 only on DVD, installation of the system is possible only if you have DVD Rom. In his absence, creating a bootable USB flash drive will also be impossible, since all the necessary data is initially located on the optical media.
The delivery of Windows 7 is not done using a set of two CDs, as was done when selling a previous version of Windows Vista. However, if you need to create a set of two CDs, you can use the Imagex utility, which is running with the split key and is included in the standard "seven" package. However, currently CD-Rom drives that can not read information from DVDs are so rare that it is unlikely that anyone will need to divide the system image into two CDs.
Owners of netbooks and ultrabooks can also use USB tokens, where the installation program for Windows 7 is located. However, it is much more difficult to purchase them than a DVD from a standard delivery.
However, if you downloaded the ready-made iso image of the system from the Internet, you will be able to install the "seven" and without the DVD Rom. It will be enough to connect Flash media to the computer and record to it the existing image of Windows 7, making the USB flash drive bootable. For this purpose, you can use the free UltraISO program.
Windows 7 compatibility with devices
Windows 7 includes drivers for most modern devices and accessories, but you should consider that a significant part of them will need to be downloaded from the manufacturer's website. At the moment, all modern drivers and programs are compatible with the "seven", and compatibility with older applications can be configured by downloading special updates using Windows Update.
When Windows 7 was released, it was officially announced that it would not support a number of obsolete technologies, which include, for example, the LPT port. However, the work of a number of printers on the LPT port does not cause any difficulties.